Comparative Table of Yiyu Pinyin and IPA Symbols

Initials

YPY

IPA

YPY

IPA

YPY

IPA

YPY

IPA

b

[ p ]

d

[ t ]

j

[ tɕ ]

g

[ k ]

p

[ ph ]

t

[ th ]

q

[ tɕh ]

k

[ kh ]

bb

[ b ]

dd

[ d ]

jj

[ ʥ ]

gg

[ ɡ ]

nb

[ mb ]

nd

[ nd ]

nj

[ nʥ ]

mg

[ ŋɡ ]

hm

[ m̥ ]

hn

[ n̥ ]

hx

[ h ]

m

[ m ]

n

[ n ]

ny

[ ȵ ]

ng

[ ŋ ]

f

[ f ]

hl

[ ɬ ]

x

[ ɕj ]

h

[ x ]

v

[ v ]

l

[ l ]

y

[ ʑ ]

w*

[ ɣ ]

YPY

IPA

YPY

IPA

z

[ ts ]

zh

[ tʂ ]

c

[ tsh ]

ch

[ tʂh ]

zz

[ dz ]

rr

[ dʐ ]

nz

[ ndz ]

nr

[ ndʐ ]

s

[ s ]

sh

[ ʂ ]

ss

[ z ]

r

[ ʐ ]

Finals

YPY

IPA

YPY

IPA

YPY

IPA

i

[ i ]

y

[ ɿ ]

u

[ u ]

ie

[ ɛ ]

yr

[ ɿ̱ ]

ur

[ u̱ ]

a

[ a ]

e

[ ɯ ]

o

[ o ]

uo

[ ɔ ]

Tones
(as syllable final letters)

YPY

IPA

t

[ ˥ ⁵⁵ ]

x

[ ˦ ³⁴ ]

(not written)

[ ˧ ³³ ]

p

[ ˨˩ ²¹ ]

* Here, /w/ represents a syllable initial consonant. The Yiyu Pinyin /w/ may also stand alone to represent the symbol , which indicates reduplication of the syllable it follows.

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